HanishKVC’s General Blog zone

June 7, 2010

Apples 2010 New iPhone 4 and the new stories

Filed under: Android,Apple,Blogroll,General,India,life,Nokia,technology — hanishkvc @ 8:25 pm

Tracking Steve y from wwdc 2010 on engadget. For what else but to see what new stories they come up with this time.

As usual there is the marketing sweet talk from Stevey. Now if you cut all the crap and look at reality the buckets are

**** Good (not necessarily first, but still good to see)
* using frame as part of antenna system
* not blindly uping the megapixy but do sensible thing ie keep megpies in check but try and improve quality (not sure how many remember Palms vga camera in their mobile which was a similar strategy from them eons back ie quality over blind quantity )

**** the gas (nothing new, but as usual nice stories/spin from Steve)
* retina display – natural progression from the already existing 800*480 phones from other vendors
* A4 – good Arm core like any other current gen Arm core
* Multitasking – finally some sense went to appy, but still some more work left
* ibook – ebook reader, less supported format than others out there. And potentialy locked. (My prayer, Oh God, don’t let Apple fanboys kill the EPaper based ebook readers by the stupid Buzz that Apple and some of their blind zombies generate)
* video calling and 2nd camera – even in India where iphone comes 1 year late and almost locked and at a premium, NOKIA had the support for standards based video calling even before 2007 (ie even before apple iphone was born)
* iads – ads been there for ages, and even interactive ads have been there for long time in other CE device domains and in mobiles sometime back
* thinner phone – natural progression from all companies. And don’t forget no physical keyboardy.
* video editing – as usual new in apple universe, but pretty old in other vendor mobiles
* Gyro – natural progression, already used in other device domains

Conclusion, Nothing new or great here, but still have to give it to them for taking the less traveled path wrt Antennae design and Camera.

Rather than the stupid marketing spin of Retina display, they could have been technically path breaking if they had actually brought something like the PixelQi LCD+EPaper display into their product.

Have to give it to Google, as it stands now, they are in a better position with their Android platform in the mobile phone market. And Nokia, please wake up and come out with some good high end phones including Linux based (Meego or Android (why not), now that you have killed Maemo).

(Tried Google buzz for Appy Steveys’ 4th iPhony, updated a bit for here)


February 28, 2010

Android AOSP for G1 ADP1 HTC Dream

Filed under: Android,Blogroll,linux,OpenSource,technology — hanishkvc @ 10:56 pm

Android AOSP for G1 / ADP1 / HTC_Dream
v01March2010, HanishKVC, Feb2010

This document gives the Steps required to build Android AOSP for ADP1/HTC Dream/G1 phone.

>> Current status: Basic kernel (boot), wifi and system image is working.
Not sure of 3D and Calender,Contact(with Google sync) [Googleloginservice?] <<

Building Android Donut release using
the Ubuntu Karmic (9.10) i386 as the development / host machine

***N*** Preparing the system

We require to get java5 jdk, which is required by Android, installed into Ubuntu 9.10. But by
default 9.10 comes with Java6, so we pick up the Java5 from 9.04. To do this we require to
add the below lines to /etc/apt/sources.list as a root user (or by using Software sources gui).

Also we require to setup a udev rule to help with debugging of the Android devices,The example
below is for HTC devices, for other manufactures, replace with appropriate vendor id.

$sudo bash
# echo “deb http://mirrors.us.kernel.org/ubuntu/ jaunty multiverse” >> /etc/apt/sources.list
# echo “deb http://mirrors.us.kernel.org/ubuntu/ jaunty-updates multiverse” >> /etc/apt/sources.list

# echo ‘SUBSYSTEM==”usb”, SYSFS{idVendor}==”0bb4″, MODE=”0666″‘ >> /etc/udev/rules.d/51-android.rules

# exit
$ sudo update

Next we require to Get the required build and support applications installed

$ sudo apt-get install git-core gnupg sun-java5-jdk flex bison gperf libsdl-dev libesd0-dev libwxgtk2.6-dev build-essential zip curl libncurses5-dev zlib1g-dev

***N*** Getting the repository and the code, setup

We require to install the repo program, which is used by Google as the application to manage their code repository and work flow.

$ mkdir ~/bin
$ export PATH=~/bin:$PATH

$ curl http://android.git.kernel.org/repo >~/bin/repo
$ chmod a+x ~/bin/repo
$ mkdir ~/work/aosp_donut
$ cd ~/work/aosp_donut

$ repo init -u git://android.git.kernel.org/platform/manifest.git -b donut

NOTE: If you want to work with the master branch, then don’t give -b option to repo init
NOTE: However I haven’t had success with master build as it stands on 22Feb2010, have to check why.

>>ALTERNATIVE FOR Cyanogen’s repo, haven’t tried yet<< $ repo init -u git://github.com/cyanogen/android.git -b donut

$ repo sync

***N*** Getting and preparing the proprietry stuff from HTC

FILE1: htc-adp1.sfx.tgz

This file is available has “HTC Proprietary Binaries for ADP1” from

Download this file and copy it into ~/work/aosp_donut/vendor/htc/dream-open

FILE2: signed-dream_devphone_userdebug-ota-14721.zip

This file is available from

Download this file to the root of your android repository i.e ~/work/aosp_donut

$ cd ~/work/aosp_donut/vendor/htc/dream-open
$ tar -zxvf htc-adp1.sfx.tgz
$ ./htc-adp1.sfx

Note: Not sure if htc-adp1.sfx is required, because looking at unzip-files.sh, it seems like it should work even with out this??? Have to check

$ ./unzip-files.sh

***N*** Fixing some bugs in code (rather stricter compiler related issues)

development/emulator/qtools/trace_reader.cpp:1012: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘char*’
development/emulator/qtools/trace_reader.cpp:1015: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘char*’
SOLUTION: Replace the char* defs with const char* definitions.

development/emulator/qtools/dmtrace.cpp:166: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘char*’
development/emulator/qtools/dmtrace.cpp:183: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘char*’
SOLUTION: Type cast the assignments with (char *)

NOTE: donut_plus_aosp – seems to fix these bugs, but has other large changes also, haven’t tried it yet.
NOTE: Also not sure wrt Video/Audio codec h/w accel optimized modules in donut_plug_aosp

***N*** Building the code

Now that the source code is available and setup with propriotory binary stuff from htc, let us start the actual build

$ cd ~/work/aosp_donut

$ source build/envsetup.sh
$ lunch aosp_dream_us-eng

$ make -j4

Now the generated files (boot.img, recovery.img, system.img, userdata.img) will be available at out/target/product/dream-open/

***N*** Check out this Source compiled User space (system.img) with prebuild kernel based boot.img

$ cd ~/work/aosp_donut/out/target/product/dream-open
$ rm recovery.img <=> In case you want to replace it with your favorite recovery image
$ cp /path/to/recovery_cyanogenmod_amon_ra.img recovery.img   <=>  This replaces the default recovery image with one which you want

Put device into FASTBOOT mode (reboot/power_on the device with BACK key pressed, it should show the driods on skateboard with fastboot text displayed)

$ fastboot devices
$ fastboot erase userdata   <=>   similarly boot and cache
$ fastboot -p dream-open -w flashall
$ fastboot flash userdata userdata.img
$ fastboot reboot

***N*** Compiling android kernel source for Dream/Adp1/G1

*** Get the kernel source
$ cd ~/work/kernel

$ git clone git://android.git.kernel.org/kernel/msm.git
$ cd msm
$ git branch -r
$ git checkout -b android-msm-2.6.29 origin/android-msm-2.6.29

*** Setup the path to point to appropriate compiler tool chain

$ export PATH=$PATH:~/work/aosp_donut/prebuilt/linux-x86/toolchain/arm-eabi-4.4.0/bin

*** config the kernel

OPTION 1: Get the default config options for the kernel from what is already specified in kernel source wrt adp1

$ make msm_defconfig   <=> Rather use the next command to be safe
$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-eabi- msm_defconfig

OPTION 2: Get the config from a phone running android

$ adb pull /proc/config.gz .
$ gunzip config.gz
$ mv config .config

*** Build the kernel

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-eabi-

The kernel will be in arch/arm/boot/

*** Move the kernel to Android platform source directory

$ cp ~/work/kernel/msm/arch/arm/boot/zImage ~/work/aosp_donut/vendor/htc/dream-open/kernel

Now building the android platform will use this new kernel to build the boot.img and recovery.img
NOTE: Differ building the android platform, if you want to update wifi module (wlan.ko) also

*** Build the wifi module to match the new kernel and copy it to appropriate platform directory

$ cd ~/work/aosp_donut/system/wlan/ti/sta_dk_4_0_4_32
$ export KERNEL_DIR=~/work/kernel/msm

$ make  <=> OR the next line
$ make KERNEL_DIR=~/work/kernel/msm ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-eabi-

$ cp ~/work/aosp_donut/system/wlan/ti/sta_dk_4_0_4_32/wlan.ko ~/work/aosp_donut/vendor/htc/dream-open/

NOTE: Looking at the comment in the wlan/ti/ … directory, there seesm to be another way
of getting this to autocompile but at this time I am not sure how that will work out

Now building the android platform will use this new wlan.ko to build the system.img (/system/lib/modules/wlan.ko)

*** Building the Android platform with new kernel and wifi module (already copied to the required locations)

$ cd ~/work/aosp_donut
$ source build/envsetup.sh
$ lunch   <=> remember to select appropriate target
$ make -j2

***N*** Burning the new images

$ export PATH=~/work/aosp_donut/out/host/linux-x86/bin:$PATH

Boot the device into fastboot mode by powering on the device by holding BACK button pressed.
You should see the droids on skateboards and also fastboot specified on the screen
Connect the usb cable between device and host, if not already done so

* On the host pc do (IF ONLY UPDATING boot.img)

$ fastboot devices  <=> This should list your device
$ fastboot erase boot
$ fastboot flash boot boot.img
$ fastboot reboot

* On the host pc do (IF burning everything i.e all imgs (boot,recovery,system,userdata)

$ fastboot devices
$ fastboot erase boot
$ fastboot erase userdata <=> This is just in case for future
$ fastboot erase cache <=> This is just in case for future
$ fastboot -p dream-open -w flashall
$ fastboot flash userdata userdata.img
$ fastboot reboot

* Now the phone should have rebooted into Android with the new kernel/system which we just burnt. Check it out by looking into Settings->About phone

$ adb devices  == This should list your device
$ adb shell    == Now you have root access to your device

***N*** Burning into G1 (using recovery image)

Copy the boot.img and system.img to root of sdcard in G1
Boot your G1 into recovery mode by powering on the G1 with HOME button pressed.
Getting into the console.

$ mount /sdcard
$ flash_image boot /sdcard/boot.img
$ flash_image system /sdcard/system.img

NOTE: This didn’t work. May be because I didn’t erase userdata and load new userdata ???. Have to check this later.

Repo querieis

** I don’t see a direct way of finding which branch is setup by repo init, other than by looking at .repo/manifest.xml file. Am I missing something, or is it how one looks.

** I see 2 different manifest files for donut. And am not able to find a simple way of telling which of the donut manifests is used by default and how to change it if required. Or am I interpreting something wrongly here.

** Also no direct info has to what release tag/branch corresponds to what at a high level (like difference between donut and donut_aosp_plus – also had to look at .repo/manifests.git/FETCH_HEAD to find the branches available)

** Also the google repo usage document assumes that the developer understands git/repo too much (i.e a novice will require to dig lot more). They could help by making the document bit more verbose and or more importantly adding some use cases.

Useful links



Experiment status till date
>>Attempt 1: FAILED<< when trying with the Google android.git.kernel.org repository
a1.1 – Used master branch instead of donut
a1.2 – Did not use htc-adp1.sfx.gz (because unzip-files.sh seems to work around this)
a1.3 – Used the prebuilt kernel which is already part of the repository. And which in turn is automatically used to create boot.img
a1.4 – used flash_image boot boot.img and flash_image system system.img from cm’s recovery console
a1.5 – targetted aosp_dream_us-eng

>>Attempt 2: Basic kernel(compiled locally), wifi (locally compiled) and system apps running << Tried with donut branch this time.
a2.1 – Used donut branch

>>Attempt 3: Have to try donut_plus_aosp<<

>>Attempt 4: ToDo << Later have to try with cyanogen’s repository.
When trying to search for any steps to get aosp compiled for G1, I have come across few pages by ctso also (which is linked above).
As I have some issues with Cyanogenmod build, I want to stick with Google aosp code for now. So haven’t given Cyanogen’s repository a try yet.

October 4, 2006

Binary blobs and linux or other Open source programs – greedy people – Bad Bad

Filed under: Blogroll,life,OpenSource,technology,Uncategorized — hanishkvc @ 12:48 pm

Some time back, Aug2006 to be precise, there was a blog in oreillynet.com about binary modules and Linux kernel. And many people inturn commenting about it. This was my thoughts around that then, which I had posted there. Now I am adding it here, so that my thoughts are consolidated here:

I find many people making the statement, that one uses the best thing for the job. Let me tell you that no one is telling that there aren’t good proprietrery software, if there is some proprietry software use it its your wish and right.

But then if you also agree that there is some good open source products that you use then it is there because it is open and it has allowed people to fix and enhance it to reach that level, which is possible because of its open source nature. If that open ness was not there, it wouldn’t have been possible to have all these great open source products. NOW if someone wants to be in this opensource market, then he should respect the wishes (i.e opensource licenses of these copyright owners) of these opensource developers as his work will not be of anyuse in this particular market (i.e that of the opensource products), which he wants to be in, if the underlying opensource product is not there in the first place.

Put differently as some great person had told centiuries ago humbly “I am a small person who appears like a gaint because I stand on the shoulders of many gaints”. If people who use the opensource market for their own profit realize this fundamental thing thats what would be great. And I would say if this statement of that great person is understood by everyone, then we wouldn’t have had to live in this purely money oriented world with all these patents (the way they are implemented in todays world, where almost anything is patentable irrespective of the lack of PATHBREAKing innovativeness in most of the ideas) and other stupidities.

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